In Collaboration With Charles Griffin



Raising of the Regiment
The Warwicks and the Northumberland Fusiliers were the two surviving units of the six regiments that were raised for service in Holland. The regiment was raised in December 1673 but recalled from Holland to help Charles II deal with the Monmouth rebellion in 1685. This recall did not last long and they were returned to William of Orange who retained their services and brought them to England in 1688 when he became King.

The regiment was at the Battle of the Boyne and took part in the Flanders campaign of 1692-95, gaining it's first battle honour NAMUR 1695. In 1751 they were placed 6th in the line with their date of origin established as 1685. The early uniforms of the 6th Foot had deep yellow facings but from 1832 they wore blue facings when they became Royal. The title of Warwickshire was given to them in 1782.

Warwicks in the Sudan
Warwickshire
Sudan

Atbara, 8th April 1898

The 1st Battalion Warwicks were brigaded under General Gatacre in Kitchener's Reconquest of the Sudan 1896-98. Also in this brigade were the Lincolns, Seaforths and Cameron Highlanders. They attacked the Dervish camp at the confluence of the Nile and River Atbara, and defeated the army of Osman Digna after 45 minutes of fighting. The battalion was commanded by Lieut-Col Morey Quayle Jones who later commanded the 2nd Battalion. Other officers of the regiment mentioned in Kitchener's despatch were Major Landon, Lieut F A Earle and Lieut Greer.

Omdurman, 2nd Sep 1898

The decisive battle of Omdurman was fought by Kitchener's reinforced army of 8,200 British and 17,600 Sudanese - Egyptian troops against an army of 52,000 Dervishes. The Warwicks were brigaded with the same regiments as before, under Gatacre. Additionally there was a second brigade of British infantry. The unfortunate Dervishes were mown down by the artillery and Maxim guns and they lost 9,700 killed, 13,000 wounded against British loses of 47 killed and 340 wounded.

Kitchener's despatch mentioned the Commanding Officer of the Warwicks, Lt-Col W E G Forbes and the following officers and men:
Major H E Irwin
Captain R D Whigham
Captain Caldecott
Captain and Adjutant F A Earle
Lieut and QM C J Dixon
Lieut C E Etches
Lieut W C Christie
Sergeant Girling
Corporal Darnley
Lance-Corporal Marsden

Captain Caldecott was wounded and died later. Lieut Etches was wounded but recovered. Private G Bourke was severely wounded and 5 other men were wounded.

The Boer War 1899-1902
Warwickshire
Incident at Evergreen
The 2nd battalion arrived in South Africa on 16th Dec 1899 and were intended for the 5th Division under Sir Charles Warren. But when the Division set sail for Natal to link up with Buller, the 2nd Warwicks and 1st Yorkshires remained at Cape Town. The Warwicks were ordered to the Britstown-De Aar district.

Lord Roberts arrived at Cape Town on 10th Jan and proceeded to the Modder River, arriving there a month later. He prepared his Great Advance, and the 18th Brigade were part of the force at his disposal. This Brigade consisted of 2nd Warwicks, 1st Yorkshire, 1st Welsh, 1st Essex and 3 batteries of Royal Field Artillery. However the Warwicks were required for the work of protecting lines of communication and did not take part in the battles of Paardeberg, Poplar Grove and Driefontein.

The Cape Colony

The situation in the west of Cape Colony deteriorated to the point where Kitchener was dispatched to organise a force to operate in the Britstown, Carnarvon and Prieska district. As well as the Warwicks, there were New Zealanders, Canadians, Yeomanry, militia and some CIVs. They managed to deal with the trouble and the Warwicks were able to join the main army in April 1900.

Diamond Hill, 11th-13th June 1900

Diamond hill was in the middle of a range of hills stretching several miles occupied by Louis Bothas' Boers. It was situated in the Transvaal between Pretoria and Middleburg. The 18th Brigade was present at this battle but no mention of casualties among the Warwicks is made.

Advance to Koomati Poort

When the advance to Prtoria was commenced the 11th Division under Pole-Carew was formed of the Guards Brigade and the 18th. In the advance towards Koomati Poort the Division was involved in various actions around the 24th to the 27th August at the north or right of the Boer positions, near Belfast. The Warwicks sustained around 20 casualties. After this the battalion was employed in the eastern Transvaal but was struck by fever and much depleted. They were sent with Boer prisoners to Bermuda before the war ended.

Ten officers and 16 NCOs and men were mentioned in Lord Roberts final despatch. Four officers were mentioned by Lord Kitchener. The 3rd and 4th Battalions of the Warwickshires provided Mounted Infantry companies which arrived in South Africa in 1901 and saw a great deal of fighting. Of these 7 NCOs and men of the 3rd, and one of the 4th gained mention in despatches as well as Lieutenant John Costeker. In Kitchener's final despatch 6 officers and 2 men of the Warwicks were mentioned.

Badge
Badges
Nicknames
Guise's Geese
The Warwickshire Lads
Mascot
The Indian Black Buck Antelope
Uniforms
1881 - 1968
Colonels in Chief
1881 - 1968
Colonels
1881 - 1968
Commanding Officers
1881 - 1968
Soldiers
1881 - 1968
Band
1881 - 1968
Colours
1881 - 1968
Battle Honours since 1881
War of the League of Augsburg 1689-97
NAMUR 1695

French Revolutionary Wars 1793-1802
MARTINIQUE 1794

Peninsular War 1808-14
ROLICA
VIMIERA
CORUNNA
VITTORIA
PYRENEES
NIVELLE
ORTHES
PENINSULA

War of 1812
NIAGARA

Seventh Kaffir War 1846-47
SOUTH AFRICA 1846-7

Eighth Kaffir War 1851-53
SOUTH AFRICA 1851-1852-1853

Reconquest of the Sudan 1896-98
ATBARA
KHARTOUM

South African War 1899-1902
SOUTH AFRICA 1899-1902

Great War 1914-18
LE CATEAU
MARNE 1914
YPRES 1914, 1915, 1917
SOMME 1916, 1918
ARRAS 1917, 1918
LYS
HINDENBURG LINE
PIAVE
SARI BAIR
BAGHDAD

World War 2
DEFENCE OF ESCAUT
WORMHOUDT
YPRES-COMINES CANAL
NORMANDY LANDING
CAEN
MONT PINCON
VENRAIJ
BREMEN
NORTH-WEST EUROPE 1940, 1944-45
BURMA 1945

Predecessor Units
1673 Vane's Regiment of Foot (in Dutch service)
1685 Bellasis' Regiment (in English service)
1751 6th Regiment of Foot
1782 6th (1st Warwickshire) Regiment
1832 6th (Royal 1st Warwickshire) Regiment
Titles
1881 The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
1963 The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers
Successor Units
1968 The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers
Further Reading
History of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1919-1955
M Cunliffe
(Clowes 1956)

The Story of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment
by C L Kingsford
(County Life 1921)

Museum
St John's House
Coten End
Warwick
CV34 4NF
tel: 01926 491653
http://www.warwickfusiliers.co.uk/



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by Stephen Luscombe