Indo-China Map, 1886

In the 1880s, European interest in Indo-China increased but also became complicated. The British had recently expanded their empire into Burma and the French were trying to do the same in Indo-China. Siam lay between the two and struggled to maintain its independence in the face of European expansionism. The map also shows how it was proposed to link Siam to Burma for trade much to the annoyance of the French who preferred a route going in their direction.

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