Toussaint L'Ouverture

This black revolutionary, nicknamed Napoleon Noir, led a successful uprising against France.' He was a freed slave who allied himself first with the Spanish and then with the French.' He gained control of Haiti and St Domingo, organising trade with Britain and America and maintained a well-disciplined army. But Napoleon sent an army there to restore French authority and Toussaint was captured and brought to France where he died in April 1803, aged 60.'

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by Stephen Luscombe