General Sir Julius Augustus Robert Raines GCB

Julius was born in Rome on 9 Mar 1827, the son of Colonel Joseph Raines of Cork who had served in the Peninsula and was in the 77th 82nd 95th and 48th Regiments. Julius was brought up in Sevenoaks and attended the Ecole Militare in Brunswick and then Sandhurst. He served throughout the Crimean War, 1854-5. For his services with the Turkish army in Silistria, prior to the invasion of the Crimea, he later received the first-class gold medal of the Liakat. After the affair at Bulganak he carried the Queen's colour at the battle of the Alma. He was at the battles of Inkerman and Tchemaya, and through the siege and fall of Sevastopol he served as an assistant engineer, being severely wounded in the trenches during the bombardment of 17 Oct. 1854, and being present in the trenches at the attack on the Redan on 18 June 1855. He received the medal with three clasps, and was mentioned in despatches 'as having served with zeal and distinction from the opening of the campaign.' The Sardinian and Turkish medals and fifth class Medjidie were also awarded him. A brevet of major was granted him on 24 April 1855, and he became major on 1 May 1857.

Raines commanded the 95th regiment throughout the Indian Mutiny campaign in 1857-9. He was present at the assault and capture of Rowa on 6 Jan. 1858, when he received the high commendation of the governor of Bombay and the commander-in-chief for 'gallantry displayed and ably conducting these operations.' He led the left wing of the 95th regiment at the siege and capture of Awah on 24 Jan, and at the siege and capture of Kotah on 30 March was in command of the third assaulting column. At the battle of Kotah-ke-Serai he was mentioned in despatches by Sir Hugh Rose 'for good service.' He was especially active during the capture of Gwalior on 19 June, when he was wounded by a musket ball in the left arm, after taking by assault two 18-pounders and helping to turn the captured guns on the enemy. For gallantry in minor engagements he was four times mentioned in despatches. The 95th regiment, while under his command in Central India, marched 3000 miles. He received the medal with clasp, was promoted to lieut-colonel on 17 Nov. 1857, received the brevet of colonel on 20 July 1858, and was made CB on 21 March 1859. Raines next saw active service at Aden, where he commanded an expedition into the interior of Arabia in 1865-6. The British troops captured and destroyed many towns and ports, including Ussalu, the Fudthlis capital, and seven cannon. Raines received the thanks of the commander-in-chief at Bombay. Subsequently Raines was promoted major-general on 6 March 1868, lieut-general on 1 Oct. 1877, and general (retired) on 1 July 1881, and was nominated colonel-in-chief of the Buffs in 1882.

1827 Born in Rome on 9 March
1842 Commissioned into the Buffs on 28 Jan 1842
1842 Exchanged to the 95th
1844 Lieutenant
1852 Captain
1854 Served in Crimea with 95th Derbyshire Regiment
1854 Wounded in siege of Sebastopol 17th Oct
1855 Present at the attack of the Redan 18 June
1857 Served throughout the Indian Mutiny
1858 Commanded 95th
1859 Married his cousin Catherine Wrixon
1865 Commanded expedition in Arabia
1868 Major-General
1877 Lieutenant-General
1881 General (retired)
1882 Colonel of the Buffs, 23 Sep 1882 - 11 April 1909
1893 KCB
1906 GCB
1909 Died 11th April in London

Regimental Details | Colonels


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by Stephen Luscombe