Brief History

The British signed treaties of protection with Malay rulers from 1874 to 1930. In 1896 some of these states were grouped together as the federated Malay States. Malaya was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945. All the Malay states, together with the Straits Settlements except for Singapore, were incorporated into a new federation in 1948. This was the basis on which Malaya achieved independence in 1957. In 1963 Malaya joined with Singapore (which seceded in 1965), North Borneo, and Sarawak to form Malaysia.

Imperial Flag
map of Malaya
Straits Map
Malaya 1955 Map
1867 - 1957
1786 - 1957
Images of Imperial Malaya
Historical Malaya
Memories of The Malayan Emergency
1786 Penang ceded to East India Company by Sultan of Kedah
1819 Singapore Island is leased to the East India Company
1824 Malacca transferred to British control. Singapore leased in perpetuity
1826 The three become known as the Straights Settlements
1867 The Straights Settlements become a British Crown Colony
1870s First trials of rubber trees
1896 Federated Malay States formed from Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang
1904 The Unfederated States of Kelantan, Kedah, Terengganu and Perilis accept British advisors
1914 Johor accepts British advisors
1941 Japan invades Malaya
1942 Malaya and Singapore are occupied by the Japanese
1948 - 1960 Communist insurgents cause 'Emergency' to be declared
1957 Federation of Malaya achieves independence
1959 Singapore achieves independence
1963 Malaysia formed
1965 Singapore withdraws from Malaysia. Becomes a city state.
Suggested Reading
Playing for Malaya: A Eurasian Family and the Pacific War
by Rebecca Kenneison

Out in the Midday Sun
by Margaret Shennan

Singapore: The Pregnable Fortress
by Peter Elphick

Playing for Malaya: A Eurasian Family and the Pacific War
by Rebecca Kenneison

A Town Like Alice
Discussion Lists
Sejarah Melayu
For Malayan Items