Outlaws, Rivals, Nationalists and Freedom Fighters
The term 'adversaries' can refer to a wide variety of individuals. On the one hand, it can refer to those who dared to stand up to the British as they expanded across the border. It can also refer to those who fought back against the authorities, either as individuals or as part of a wider group. Of course, one man's freedom fighter is another man's terrorist and many of the people who will be included in this section were often hunted down one day only to be negotiated with the next and feted as statesmen even after that. Adversaries therefore did have a complicated relationship with empire. The authorities could be unforgiving at certain stages of empire, but more lenient in their treatment at other stages.