7th Hussars

Major John Vaughan DSO

The photo shows him in India as a second lieutenant of the 7th Hussars in 1893. On 31st March 1902 the column containing the 7th Hussars and the Queen's Bays defeated General Pretorious' Commando at Boschmans Kop, largely thanks to Major John Vaughan, the 7th Hussars Intellegence Officer. He had spent 6 nights observing the veldt, with a Boer guide and a black tracker, when he saw 25 Boers move into a derelict farm. By 1am he had led the Bays forward and scattered the Boer horse lines. Hearing the rattle of a cart he galloped off alone and captured General Pretorious. The Bays dug in, and at dawn the major was wounded in the knee. He also lost three horses in the ensuing battle, the first whilst he was checking pickets and the second as he led a withdrawal. His position was outflanked by a group of 150 Boers so he ordered his men to charge. Unfortunately the Bays had been stripped of their swords in the 'craze for mounted infantry'. In the nick of time, the 7th arrived and were able to put the Boers the flight with their swords. Vaughan's third horse was shot from under him as he rode back to Colonel Lawley. During his long and varied service in the Boer War he was severely wounded and served as ADC to the general officer commanding the cavalry division, and was DAAG.

1871 born 31st July
1891 Second Lieutenant, 11th Mar
1894 Lieutenant, 4th Sep
1896 Operations in South Africa until 1897
1898 Nile Expedition
1899 Captain, 9th Oct
1900 Brevet-Major, 29th Nov
1900 Brigade Major of Infantry Brigade in SA, 8th Feb to 5th May
1900 DAAG in SA, 6th May to 4th Dec
1902 Won the DSO
1904 Major, 10th Hussars, 14th May
1904 Brigade Major 1st Cav Brigade Aldershot,
1908 Lieut-Colonel, 7th May, commanding 10th H, until 3rd Feb 1911
1911 Commandant Cavalry School, Netheravon, 30th Jan
1911 Colonel, 6th Dec
1913 Married Louisa, 22nd Oct
1914 Major-General, Inspector of Cavalry BEF
1915 Commanded 3rd Cavalry Brigade
1915 CB
1919 Won a bar to his DSO
1936 Visited Germany with British Legion
1943 Deputy Lieutenant, Merionethshire
1956 Died at Nannau on 21st Jan

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by Stephen Luscombe