Hussein Kamel

After the Ottomans declared war on the allies on October 29th 1914, the British moved swiftly to break the technical link between the Ottoman Empire and the status of Egypt. They deposed Kamel's nephew Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, on 5 November 1914. Hussein Kamel was created Sultan of Egypt on 19 December 1914. The newly created Sultanate of Egypt was declared a British protectorate at the same time. Hussein Kamel was considered a safe and pliable candidate for the role of Sultan for the dangerous years of 1914 to 1918. His accession brought to an end the de jure Ottoman sovereignty over Egypt, which had been largely nominal since Muhammad Ali's seizure of power back in 1805.

The Road to Suez | Egypt

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by Stephen Luscombe