Mustafa Kemal Ataturk


Kemal Ataturk was the highest ranking Turkish general in the theatre when the Allies landed. Technically he was under the command of Liman von Sanders but in reality wielded huge authority. Indeed, it was his decisive decision to launch an immediate counter-attack to the Allied landings, without receiving orders from von Sanders, that undoubtedly saved the situation for the Ottoman Turks and consigned the Allies to a long, hard fought campaign.


The Gallipoli Campaign



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by Stephen Luscombe