Kitchener and Birdwood

Kitchener came to see for himself the conditions and possibilities for an evacuation. Here he is seen with Birdwood (right) surveying the Turkish lines. Interestingly, Kitchener's arrival was seen as a good sign by the Allied soldiers who cheered him throughout his visit. Fred Waite said ‘‘We did not get many callers and so the visit of ‘Kitchener' started us speculating afresh and making wild conjectures. Needless to say, there were wonderful rumours as to what he did and said, but it was generally understood that the decision to evacuate the peninsula was confirmed there and then.''

The Gallipoli Campaign

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by Stephen Luscombe