Union Flag

In 1606, King James proposed a new flag to symbolise the fact that he was the monarch of two kingdoms. He had the cross of St. George and St Andrew combined to create the Union Flag. His ambition to formally join the two kingdoms was defeated the following year by the English Parliament. However, the flag continued to be used on an ad hoc basis. It was later fully incorporated in 1707 when Union did actually take place. In 1801 it had the diagonal red cross of St. Patrick added after Ireland joined the Union that year.

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by Stephen Luscombe