Brief History
Garrison Theatre, 1946
Singapore was an important trading centre in the 12th and 13th centuries. It is said to have been attacked and devastated by the Javanese in 1252. At the time when it passed by treaty to the East India Company in 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles persuading the sultan and Tumenggong of Johor to cede it to him, it was wholly uninhabited except by a few fisherfolk living along its shores. It was at first subordinate to Benkulen, the company's principal station in Sumatra, but in 1823 it was placed under the administration of Bengal. It was incorporated in the colony of the Straits Settlements when that colony was established in 1826.

In 1942, the colony famously fell to the Imperial Japanese Army who had sped through Malaya quicker than any British commanders had anticipated.

It joined Malaysia in 1963, leaving it to become an independent state in 1965.

Imperial Flag
1819 Map of Singapore River
1840 Map of South East Asia
1854 Map of South East Asia
1901 Map of South East Asia
Map of Straits Settlements
Admiralty Chart for Singapore Port, 1914
1942 Map of Singapore
1944 Map of Singapore
1965 Map of Singapore
Singapore was part of the Straights Settlements. see the Malaya section.
Historical Singapore
National Archive Singapore Images
1826 - 1946
Witness: Singapore
A BBC audio program about the Fall of Singapore in 1942
A Splendid Little Colony: British Singapore 1819 - 1963
Samuel T.W. Wee makes a compelling and comprehensive argument that modern Singapore should fully appreciate and incorporate the fact that it was a former British colony into its national story. He believes that the British contribution made a decisive impact on both the history and culture of present day Singapore and that to downplay or ignore its influence would do the City State a disservice.

The Story of Singapore to 1959 and Beyond: Real Truths, Hidden Truths And Forgotten Truths.
David Brent gives his insight into why Singapore and Malaysia's paths diverged in the era of decolonisation and the threat of communism.

Escape from Singapore
Tom Roebuck gives an account of how he managed to escape from the island of Singapore in 1942 as the Japanese forced the British and Empire forces to capitulate.

Escape from Singapore
Lieut. Col. P.A.B. McKerron gives an account of how he managed to escape from the island of Singapore in 1942 as the Japanese forced the British and Empire forces to capitulate.

The Legacy of Empire in Singapore
Adrian Peers discusses just how much the British influenced the development of Singapore, its institutions and its culture.

British Documents on the End of Empire: Malaysia
Further Reading
Tales from the South China Seas
by Charles Allen

The Parting Years: A British Family and the End of Empire
by Sheila Bevan

Footfalls Echo in the Memory: A life with the Colonial Education Service and the British Council in Asia
by Verner Bickley

Singapore Patrol
by Alex Dixon

Singapore: The Pregnable Fortress
by Peter Elphick

Hardly Ever a Dull Moment (History of Development Studies)
by Ernest (Fred) Fisk

Four Wheels and Frontiers: The First Overland Singapore To England Willy's Jeep Expedition
by Roy Follows

An Eastern Cadet's Anecdotage
by Andrew Gilmour

My role in the rehabilitation of Singapore: 1946-1953
by Andrew Gilmour

Priest in Prison: Four Years of Life in Japanese-occupied Singapore, 1941-45 by John Hayter

British Civilians and the Japanese War in Malaya and Singapore, 1941-45
by Joseph Kennedy

Life and Death in Changi: The Diary of Tom Kitching Who Died in Japanese Hands in Singapore in 1944
by Tom Kitching

Sunset of the Raj - Fall of Singapore 1942
by Cecil Lee

Changi, the lost years: A Malayan diary, 1941-1945
by T.P.M. Lewis

Shenton of Singapore: Governor and Prisoner of War
by Brian Montgomery

Nippon Slaves
by Lionel de Rosario

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