Bengal Native Infantry


Bengal Infantry Scheme
Bengal Infantry Scheme
The organisation of the Indian Army was radically different after the Mutiny to the way it was before. Every Bengal native infantry regiment either mutinied or was disbanded during or after the Indian Mutiny.

Understanding these regiments can be very confusing because they are known by their numbers and these changed frequently. The number of a regiment usually indicates it's age so that the 1st is the oldest, and the highest number is the newest, but in 1764 the regiments were re-numbered according to the seniority of their captain. This was to be the first of six re-numberings.

These units were called battalions up until 1781 when they became regiments. The 1st battalion was raised by Clive in Calcutta in 1757 and fought well at Plassey. Twenty-one battalions were raised by 1764 but the 2nd, 3rd and 5th were destroyed at Patna in 1763. After the 1764 re-numbering, there was a further re-number in 1775 according to which of three brigades they belonged. A further re-numbering occurred in 1781, 1784, 1796 and finally in 1824

Bengal Native Regiments 1825
1st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
2nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
3rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
4th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
5th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
6th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
7th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
8th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
9th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
10th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
11th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
12th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
13th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
14th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
15th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
16th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
17th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
18th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
19th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
20th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
21st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
22nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
23rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
24th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
25th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
26th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
27th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
28th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
29th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
30th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
31st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
32nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
33rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
35th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
36th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
37th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
38th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
39th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
40th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
41st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
42nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
43rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
44th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
45th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
46th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
47th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
48th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
49th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
50th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
51st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
52nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
53rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
54th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
55th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
56th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
57th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
58th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
59th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
60th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
61st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
62nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
63rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
64th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
65th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
66th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
67th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
68th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
69th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
70th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
71st Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
72nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
73rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
74th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry


Bengal European Infantry


Bengal was much slower than the other presidencies in forming regiments comprised of European other ranks and officers. They began with one regiment in 1756 but when the 1st Maratha War started in 1778 they raised 5 more battalions. In 1781 these had been disbanded but re-raised 5 years later. In 1796 they were three regiments but by 1803 they were down to one.

The 1st Afghan War encouraged the raising of a 2nd Regiment called Fusiliers and the 3rd was raised in 1853 as a Light Infantry regiment. They were finally absorbed into the British Army when the Crown took over from the East India Company, becoming the 101st (1st Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers), 104th (2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers) and 107th Foot (2nd Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment).

Bengal European Regiments 1853
1st Bengal (European) Fusiliers
2nd Bengal (European) Fusiliers
3rd Bengal (European) Light Infantry


Madras Native Infantry


Madras Infantry Scheme
Madras Infantry Scheme
By 1758 the Madras Presidency had an army of around 3,000 with Indian officers. They were undisciplined and unreliable, however, so they were re-organised into battalions under British officers. At first two in 1758, then four more in 1759. By 1767 there were 19 bearing the title Coast Sepoys.

In 1770 they were renumbered and divided into north and south battalions. Those in the north were called Circar Battalions and those in the south Carnatic Battalions. This only lasted until 1784 when they all became Madras Battalions with the Carnatic having precedence. Meanwhile, 12 more battalions were raised in 1776/7. Some disbandments took place in 1785 and in 1806 the 1st and 23rd were disbanded for mutinying over the introduction of European-style head-dress. More units were raised so that by 1824 there were 50 regiments. The Madras regiments did not mutiny in 1857 so many survived into the 20th century. Only 6 of these regiments were disbanded in 1862 and 4 in 1864.

Madras Native Regiments 1824
1st Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
2nd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
3rd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
Palamcottah Light Infantry
4th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
5th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
6th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
7th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
8th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
9th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
10th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
11th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
12th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
13th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
14th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
15th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
16th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
17th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
18th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
19th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
20th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
21st Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
22nd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
23rd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
Wallajahbad Light infantry
24th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
25th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
26th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
27th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
28th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
29th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
30th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
31st Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
Trichinopoly Light Infantry
32nd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
33rd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
34th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
Chicacole Light Infantry
35th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
36th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
37th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
38th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
39th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
40th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
41st Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
42nd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
43rd Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
44th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
45th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
46th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
47th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
48th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
49th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
50th Regiment of Madras Native Infantry
Madras Rife Corps


Madras European Infantry


Major Stringer Lawrence raised the first troops, 3 companies, for the East India Company in Madras in 1742, 3 companies. By 1766 they had three regiments. In 1774 the 3rd was absorbed into the other two to give them 2 battalions each. But 3 years later the 3rd was re-raised again, with two battalions, for the 1st Maratha War. It was disbanded in 1796 followed by the 2nd in 1799. The 3rd did not appear again until 1853 but the 2nd was re-raised in 1824, disbanded in 1830, and raised again in 1839. These three regiments were taken into the British army in 1861 and became the 102nd (1st Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers), 105th (2nd Battalion, King's Own Light Infantry) and 108th (2nd Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers).

Madras European Regiments 1853
1st Madras (European) Fusiliers
2nd Madras (European) Light Infantry
3rd Madras (European) Infantry


Bombay Native Infantry


Bombay Infantry Scheme
Bombay Infantry Scheme
At first the native troops were raised and disbanded as required. They were commanded by native officers and provided their own clothes and equipment. The example set by Clive in Bengal inspired the government of Bombay to organise their men in a more military way. In 1768 they went a stage further and two regular sepoy battalions were formed and two more over the next two years. In 1777 a Marine Battalion was raised to serve on the Company's armed ships.

In 1780 there were 15 battalions plus the Marines. These units were heavily involved in the 1st Maratha War and the 2nd Mysore War but afterwards some battalions were disbanded or absorbed, reducing them to seven, and the 8th was re-numbered and named the 1st Grenadier Battalion in recognition of their defence of Mangalore. There was another increase in size in 1788 when there were five more battalions and all were put into two brigades and re-numbered. A further re-numbering was carried out in 1796 when each regiment was split into 2 battalions.

Bombay Native Regiments 1824
1st Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
2nd Grenadier Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
3rd Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
4th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
5th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
6th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
7th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
8th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
9th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
10th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
11th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
12th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
13th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
14th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
15th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
16th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
17th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
18th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
19th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
20th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
21st Marine Battalion
22nd Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
23rd Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
24th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
25th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry
26th Regiment of Bombay Native Infantry


Bombay European Infantry


Bombay was part of the dowry paid to Charles II when he married Catherine of Braganza. Royal troops were garrisoned in Bombay until 1668 when the Portuguese were finally persuaded to hand over the city. The East India Company invited these troops to enter their service and they formed the first Bombay European Regiment. By 1788 there were two regiments but by the turn of the century they were reduced to only one battalion.

During the FIrst Afghan War the 2nd Regiment was raised with the title of Light Infantry. The 1st regiment meanwhile was in Aden. The 3rd Regiment did not appear until 1853. In 1861 the three regiments were transferred to the British Army when the East India Company relinquished control of the Army of India. They became the 103rd, 106th and 109th Foot, which in 1881 became the second battalions of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, the Durham Light Infantry and the Leinster Regiment.

Bombay European Regiments 1853
1st Bombay (European) Fusiliers
2nd Bombay (European) Light Infantry
3rd Bombay (European) Infantry


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